Towbars: How to Inspect and Use for Maximum Efficiency

Summary: Towbars require visual inspection from top to bottom before use with an airplane. Major damages can occur if one neglects proper supervision.

Maintenance, needless to say, is a crucial aspect of owning an airplane. Furthermore, there are specific steps you need to follow in order to ensure that your plane will properly function the next time you take it out. Now, one of the most important tools in your arsenal of aircraft maintenance equipment is the towbar. Prior to every use of a towbar, it is especially important to verify that you are indeed using the correct towbar and head for the specific type of aircraft you wish to use it on.

The Inspection Process

A visual inspection of the towbar involves the mechanic to examine certain areas prior to every use. The first thing you’ll want to do is to inspect the towbar itself. Are there any pins or bolts missing that you’ll need to replace? Are there are any loose bolts? Is the towbar straight and the head attached securely? These are all questions that you must ask yourself in order to safely utilize the tool and maximize its effectiveness. Also, be sure that you check the tire pressure as well as signs of any abnormal wear. If so, it is a good time to grease the axles and bearings. This can be done with a specially formulated lubricant from your local hardware store.

Using the Towbar

When using the towbar, it’s important that you verify whether or not it is sized correctly for both the aircraft to be moved and the tug that is being used to move the craft. Make sure the towbat is snugly connected to the aircraft – it should be as close to horizontal as you can make. The angle needs to be roughly 90 degrees – damage can occur to the towbar is jackknifed to the tug, similar to when you’re using a lithium ground power unit in motion.

Bio: Start Pac is your aviation go-to store for the best ground power units on the market. Whether you’re looking for a gas electric hybrid GPU or a yellow aircraft starter, Start Pac has it all.


GMC Acadia Preview 2017


Despite the recommendation of making vehicles bigger, the new 2017 Acadia has been redesigned by Grabowsky Motor Corporation (GMC) to be smaller giving a midsize crossover look of SUV. In contrast to earlier Acadia, the 2017 Acadia shrinks in size modifying the exterior, interior and cargo features (see Table). The new design is still capable of carrying a maximum of seven passengers.

Table: New Features of 2017 GMC Acadia

Exterior Features Shrinkage/ modification
Length 7.2-in (inches) shorter
Height 3.9-in lower
Width 3.5-in narrower
Wheelbase 6.4-in shorter
Wheels (standard) A set of 18-in aluminum wheels
Lights LED running lights, C-shaped LED taillights and automatic high beam headlights
GMC Styling Chrome-trimmed grille with big, red “GMC” calligraphy fronting squared and flared fenders
Acadia Hallmark Wrap-around rear glass with darkened rear roof pillars
Interior Features Modifications
Seating From 5-7 passenger seating
Trim (standard) Genuine
Hidden storage for rear passengers Available on center console
Spilt-folding 60/40 on second-row seating

50/50 on third-row seating

Other Features Availability/ specification
Acadia trim levels Not announced
Denali trim level New All Terrain variant and the continuation of the luxury-themed
All-wheel drive (AWD) system Available
Covered storage bins in the cargo floor Only with 5-passenger seating
Engine (standard) 2.5 liter 4-cylinder with 194 horsepower and 190 lb.-ft. of torque connected to 6-speed automatic transmission
3.6-liter V-6 engine


Available with 310 horsepower and 271 lb.-ft. of torque connected to 6-speed automatic transmission
Fuel-saving automatic engine start/stop system Available
On Demand AWD system Available
Active-twin clutch AWD system Available
Drive mode selector technology Available
Front- and rear-park assist sensors Available
360˚ surround-view camera system Available
Reversing camera Available with trailer hitch-assist technology
IntelliLink with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto smartphone projection technology Will be available
USB ports Available on each 3 rows of seats
4G LTE Wi-Fi system Available with paid subscription

Considering the benefits of 2017 Acadia: downsizing has lightener the vehicle by 700-Ib, turning radius has got tighter by 1.7-ft, has maximized the cargo capacity by split-folding seats (maximum capacity of 79 cu. ft.), less power used, improved fuel economy, approximately front-wheel drive will get 22 mpg city and 28 mpg highway with standard engine and 17 mpg city and 25 mpg highway with 3.6 liter V-6 engine. Factory GMC wheels are always recommended as they gives you best protection.

Also, this is cheaper than earlier starting at $29,995. In safety-level this is provided with different warning systems considering the maximum safety of passengers including threat stimulators and rear-seat alert system.

Automotive Technician Salary

The job of an automotive technician is one which demands the most technical capabilities from a person. The demand for cars is increasing, so is their manufacturing, usage, problems, and hence, the services of these professionals are in much demand.

The importance of an automotive technician is known to people who have experienced car breakdowns or car problems. As the name denotes, these are experts whose main responsibility is to repair vehicles and automobiles. They inspect the problems and carry out repair jobs and other maintenance tasks. They are well-versed in every aspect of a car engine, the possible problems that can occur, and what repair tasks need to be performed. Nowadays, automotive technicians even have specializations in problems related to engines, brakes, body, and other significant parts of a vehicle.

Job Description
As automotive technicians can be employed in a particular facility or even be self-employed, their duties and responsibilities may differ accordingly. However, there are a few fundamental tasks that they have to do.

When the car comes to the garage for a repair, they draft a rough vehicle damage and repair estimate. They discuss the problems with the owner, and ask questions that will help them realize the exact problems of the car. They then test the car’s performance, understand the problems, and suggest the tasks that need to be performed. An automotive technician has to maintain repair, service, and also replacement records. Fixing, installation, repairing, and replacing parts and components are the major duties of this professional. In order to carry out all these procedures, they work manually and also use advanced tools and equipment. After the job is done, they take a test drive to check if it is running perfectly, and whether the problems have been resolved. They may also give some tips to the car owner regarding how to maintain the car in good condition.

Salary Range
There are several factors that have an impact on the salary. The basic determinants are if the individual is self-employed or working in a facility; the state and city he is employed in; the technical know-how he possesses regarding automobile repair; the years of experience in repairing vehicles; technical trainings attended; and most importantly, the contracts which he may receive.

As per industry norms, the per annum average salary falls somewhere around $45,000. The salary prospects increase with the ability to familiarize with new advancements in the field. If you are thinking about the entry-level salary, it may range from approximately $25,000 to $45,000. Those possessing five to nine years of experience can receive pay of around $30,000 to $50,000. Those technicians with 10 to 19 years of experience can get a yearly pay of about $35,000 to $60,000.

If you are thinking of becoming an automotive technician, you would obligatorily need technical skills, ability to do manual work, and that too for a substantial amount of time, problem solving, and decision-making skills. You also need to stay in touch with the latest computerized technologies and systems of the automobile industry.

Atv And Side By Side Four Wheelers

What are you using your ATV for?  Unlike your typical car or truck, there seems to be no consensus to the many uses for the agile UTV utility vehicle.  Back country trail rider, hunter, outdoor enthusiast, farmer, construction foreman or landscape engineer, it seems the application is only limited by the imagination.  These rugged four wheelers will crawl up rocky terrain, dart through mud and splash through streams with ease and reliability.  Increasingly popular because of their incredibly light weight,  easy transport and ability to trek narrow terrain.  The side by side community has found near countless benefits to the use of the versatile 2×4, 4×4 and even 6×6 wheeled companions.

No matter what the use of your ATV utility vehicle is,  is your premier online source for all  UTV cab enclosures and ATV accessories.  Now you can personalize your side by side with a heavy duty professional grade water proof marine textile, available in popular colors.
Protect yourself and your equipment from mother nature and the harmful outdoor elements like rain, snow, sun and wind. Customize your UTV to fit your needs or terrorize the trails with a full cab enclosure, windshields, tops, soft doors, rear window kits and combo ATV cabs.  Though some will find their factory equipped side by side utility vehicle great on it’s own, others find that with a few extra accessories the standard ATV can be transformed to best suit their personal needs.

With years of expertise in outfitting utility vehicles with custom enclosures and accessories supplies only quality gear with superior strength and craftsmanship.  Professionally fitted for all leading brands Polaris Ranger, Arctic Cat Prowler, John Deere Gator, Kawasaki Mule, Kubota RTV, Yamaha Rhino, American Sports Works and Husqvarna ATV UTV utility vehicles.  Check out the full selection of cab enclosures and accessories for your UTV weekend toy or everyday workhorse.

Atv and Dirt Bike Safety for Kids

A dirt bike or an ATV (All Terrain Vehicle) is meant to ride off-road. It is in fact a lightweight motorcycle equipped with rugged tires and suspension; in other words it can be called a 2 or 4 wheel off road motorcycle. ATV’s and dirt bikes have been around since the 60s and are still thriving. Kids and adults thirst for adventure and the call to rugged terrains is renewed with every generation.
ATV are used as outdoors utility vehicle such as on farms, hunting… ATVs are good recreational vehicle, they are fun to rid on dirt and sand dunes; there are many professional, sanctioned off road ATV races. The demand for dirt bikes and ATVs has drastically increased. There are many ATVs and dirt bikes available at cheap prices for kids and adults. It is now common to see youngsters who are seven to eight years old mounting dirt bikes and ATVs expertly and with ease. But injuries caused by riding dirt bikes and ATVs happen very often. Studies by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission have come up with stunning figures: many as 4 out of 10 people who are involved in an ATV accident are kids under the age of 16.
The primary safety rule of course is to first learn how to ride an ATV or Dirt Bike before hitting the outdoors. The responsibility for properly training a child to ride ATVs or dirt bikes lies with the parents. The young rider must be supervised at all times while riding an off-road machine.
The law in the US does not allow ATVs on freeways and kids should never be allowed to ride where there is traffic. Children should not be allowed carry anyone on the off road vehicle; this is a major cause of serious accidents. It’s a good practice to make a complete pre-ride check before using the ATV or dirt bike. Check the tire pressure, gas level, test the brakes front and rear as well as the lights. Please refer to the respective ATV manufacturer manual for complete details.
Riding on public roads can prove fatal. Ensure that children never ride without a helmet and wear gloves, eye protection and protective gear. It is good sense not to make do with protective gear meant for other activities such as daddy’s football gear – because the gear required for safe riding on dirt bikes and ATVs is designed with that purpose in mind.
Bikes and ATVs are age specific and size specific, so elders are well advised to buy and upgrade the bike according to the child’s age. There is no rule as to what age a kid has to be to ride an ATV or dirt bike but do not put a 4 year old on a 110cc ATV or a 50cc dirt bike. A 4 stroke 70cc ATV for kids packs enough punch for an adult to have fun on it. Thankfully most youth ATVs and dirt bikes are equipped with safety controls such as:
A speed governor that sets the maximum speed as low as 5MPH
A corded plug that allows an adult to run along with the youngster and pull to kill the engine (great feature for very young riders)
A remote control that can kill the engine by the press of a button within up to 200 feet (great to keep little older kids under control)
As for the ever-popping question, how young of a child can ride an ATV? Since every kid is different, it is up to each parent to decide what age a child can ride what ATV or dirt bike.
Remember that a child on a bike is definitely vulnerable. Riding vehicles off road can be very fun and provide a healthy workout. To reduce the risk of injury, good training, constant supervision and following the manufacturer’s instructions are a must.

How experts repair windshields

Everyone has a handyman in them, do it yourself repairs give you that sense of confidence and achievement. That being said, the outcome is never really as good as a pro. Trained experts know little secrets and tricks that make all the difference in the world. The same applies to the auto glass repair industry and according to Whitby auto glass, professionals differentiate windshield repair into three basic categories:

  • Star Chips
  • Resurfacing
  • Basic Cracks

The basics to the repair remain the same, but professionals use their years of industry experience to make the final result impeccable.

Basic Cracks: These are the long, snaky cracks that are so deadly to the windshield. There are two ways of repairing the crack; the bulls eye method and the flex method. Whitby Auto Glass experts actually recommend the bulls eye method. The tip of the crack is drilled, to pop a bulls eye. This then creates miniature fractures in different directions which stops the crack from spreading. A probe is used to hammer a loop around the bulls eye to prevent those minute cracks from creating an issue. The bridge is placed over the bulls eye and the injection of the resin begins. The rest of the crack is repaired using an injector which is removed from the bridge.

The second method is the flex, this may be a two man job, depending on the crack. A small amount of pressure is applied from the inside of the car to the crack, pushing the crack outwards. This makes it easier for the resin it get a stronger foothold inside the cracked area.

Resurfacing: Sometimes the windshield may not have deep cracks or chips but rather small dents and nicks. Resurfacing is the process of repairing those little nicks to make sure they do not develop into something more troublesome in the future. The first step is to use a drill on the little pit on top of the windshield, and the second step involves pouring a bit of regular resin into the dent. This resin is known as the primer, it is a prerequisite to applying the pit resin. The final step is to cover the dent with a cellophane patch. The process of resurfacing is done when a windshield is covered in small damaged areas.

Star Chips:  Star chips or breaks are typically deep chips with small cracks that spread out in different directions. It is one of the most common types of chips seen on windshields. A drill is taken to the centre of the break and using a probe the resulting bulls eye is looped. The next step is the same as in any windshield repair; simply take the bridge and injector to apply resin to the break.

This is how experts deal with basic windshield repairs, one very important thing to note is that the popping and looping of the bulls eye should only be done by professionals. If you do not have experience dealing with windshields and different types of damage, you may accidentally drill into the polyvinyl layer of the windshield. If that happens, you will end up with a much bigger and more expensive problem on your hands, and you may need to call your car insurance company.

Why Classic Cars are Better Than New Ones

The start of 2008 brought great hilarity for those of us who keep a keen eye on the motoring industry – and especially those among us who sneer at anything less than a supercar. First, the joy of the internet and email meant I received a picture of a garden shed on wheels (yes, an actual shed) – with a clever fake press release heralding the launch of the new Daewood car! Very funny.

Then, in India, Tata Motors launched the world’s cheapest new car…the $2,500 Nano. Wizened industry-watchers heralded the apparent “breathtaking innovations in manufacturing technology in the global automobile industry based on severe cost-cutting”. Others were not so open-minded, with one United States media presenter describing the car as “a golf cart crossed with a jelly bean.”

But both events got me thinking – why on earth would someone buy a horrible new ‘Eurobox car’ when the money could be better spent on a fantastic classic car? This conundrum always baffles my colleagues at Sureterm Direct – the UK’s leading specialist classic car insurance company – so with their help here are my top 7 reasons to buy a classic car instead of a faceless, cheap, under-powered, Euro-shed.

1. Better insurance deals. Take it from us, as the country’s leading specialist classic car insurer, the costs of insuring a classic MGB if you opt for special features like limited mileage options can be considerably less than cover for a new hot hatch. And we’re not just talking about saving a £10 or so – the difference can run to hundreds of pounds. Classic car insurance quotes can be very competitive.

2. Zero road tax. Yep, that’s right. In the UK classic cars built before 1973 qualify for zero-rated road tax. You have to display a tax disk, but it doesn’t actually cost anything. So there’s £160 banked straight away.

3. It makes financial sense. The moment you drive your run-of-the-mill chunk of far Eastern plastic and metal car off the forecourt you lose 30% of its value straight away in depreciation. You no longer own a new car – you own a second-hand one! But if you invested in a cracking little classic car in good condition – and kept it smart – the chances are it should at least hold its value (and in some cases it might even increase in price).

4. Cheaper repair bills. Let’s say you’re in the middle of a country estate enjoying a picnic in your classic Morris Minor when you carelessly but gently bump into a great oak. You can find a new rear lamp for around 20 quid. However, do the same in your new Kia and the replacement rear light is likely to be at least two times that.

5. You’re more environmentally-friendly. People think old cars use more petrol per mile than new ones – and in some cases they’re right. But it is a well-documented fact that around a third of the energy consumed by a car in its entire life is used to make it in the first place. So buying and using a classic car is recycling par-excellence. Spare parts for older cars are readily-accessible, so keeping your classic running is again very environmentally sound – while many components used in the build of new cars are sealed in and only fit for the bin once they’re no longer of use.

6. You look good. Swing down the street in a gleaming classic MGB and you’ll turn heads. And it feels great to drive around in something that is instantly-recognisable and draws knowing waves, nods and winks from other motorists. Of course, your Far Eastern tin machine might draw hand signals too – but a single finger doesn’t constitute a wave I’m afraid.

7. Social networking. Want to meet nice new friends in great surroundings? Then join a classic car club. For example, there are events for VW Beetle owners almost every weekend. It’s fun – and it’s hard to imagine the same feeling from a field full of Daihatsu Sirion owners.

Motorcycle Salvage Yards That Every Biker

Everyone who has a motorcycle knows the address of a few motorcycle salvage yards near his/her home by heart. After all, this is the place to scrounge for some serviceable parts for the motorcycle at dirt cheap rates. For cheap parts for the motorcycle, the salvage yard becomes the place to go to. But then, there is much more to a motorcycle salvage yard than just being a source for parts. They are also known as motorcycle boneyards.

What are Motorcycle Salvage Yards

Motorcycle salvage yards are the places where the motorcycles no one can use anymore or don’t want to use anymore, land up. The vehicles coming here are discarded by their owners because they do not function properly, or probably not at all, or simply because the owner does not want it anymore. Such owners will sell their motorcycles to the salvage yard at very low costs.

When the people at the salvage yard get such a vehicle, the first thing they will do will be to analyze each and every part of the motorcycle. If there are small snags due to which the motorcycle is not functioning, then they might rectify them and put it up for sale as a secondhand vehicle. But if the motorcycle is really beyond any repair, then they will rip up the whole thing, and salvage the parts that can be used. They will put up these parts for sale for other people who come for them.

Parts that cannot be used, might be sent to companies who would need to research on the problem the vehicle developed, or even sold to people who want to commercially develop the part themselves. When all is done, i.e., there are no serviceable parts in the motorcycle, it will be scrapped. Using a very heavy hammering machine, the entire scrap will be broken down into small pieces, and then recycled.

Different Types of Salvage Yards

There are many different types of motorcycle yards, though principally they are all the same. For example, some motorcycle yards maintain warehouses where they rip up the parts of the motorcycles and store them. From here, they are sold to anyone who asks. But then, motorcycle salvage yards that do not have a warehouse of their own will just pile up the vehicles and yank off the parts and give to the people as they come. Some of them might even ask the buyers to remove the parts themselves. This will also reduce costs. Such salvage yards are known in slang as ‘You Pull It’ yards.

There are both traditionally simple motorcycle salvage yards and the technologically advanced ones. The traditionally simple ones are just places to keep the wrecks with facilities for doing them up, extracting their parts and allowing buyers to look into them. However, salvage yards have also gone hi-tech like everything else. Today, you will find networks of salvage yards connected to a single website, where people can place their orders and even get parts at their doorstep. This system is welcomed because it is very difficult to get a particular part at a specific salvage yard. But with the yards coming up as a network, there are much more chances of getting the parts.

Duties and Roles

Motorcycle salvage yards have various duties to perform. Here’s a list:
Outlet for Disposal of Vehicle: It is the best place for people who want to dispose off their vehicles. Disposing vehicles haphazardly is bad for the environment and also illegal. Some salvage yard people will even tow away unwanted vehicles for a small fee.
Source for Serviceable Parts: They are a source to get small serviceable parts for motorcycles at very cheap rates. Sometimes salvage yards will have parts that the manufacturers of the vehicles won’t have. If the vehicle has been removed out of manufacture line, then even they will not have parts. At such time, the salvage yards are the only option.
Scope for Researchers: Salvage yards also provide parts to researchers and developers of new motorcycle parts. These people can get cheap parts from here which they can use for their experimentation purposes.

Information About the Closeout Motorcycle Helmets

In most countries around the world, helmets are mandatory for motorcycle riders. Failure to abide by the laws about the usage of the same could result in stiff monetary penalties, confiscation of the motorcycle and, in some regions, even imprisonment. The stringency in the laws is not without reason. In fact, a large majority of motorcycling accidents happen due to improper or non-usage of helmets.

There are different laws for the usage of helmets in different places – in some countries, using a shorty (the construction-worker type helmet that covers only the head) would suffice, but, in some countries you need nothing less than a closeout helmet. Closeout helmets fulfill legal norms universally, thus, making it wiser to invest in them rather than in any other kind of helmet. Keeping the matter of laws and regulations aside for a moment, a closeout helmet would, most importantly, save your life better than the rest.
About Closeout Motorcycle Helmets

These are full-head helmets, designed to provide maximum protection in an accident. They have a transparent face shield, often made from plastics, which covers the eyes and the nose. They also incorporate a protective strap for the chin. Open-face or half-face helmets don’t have chin protection, while motocross helmets leave the face partially open to allow better ventilation.

There are many regulations and restrictions defining a closeout motorcycle helmet and which ones should be used. These are laid down by standardizing bodies that govern traffic rules. In the US, the DOT (Department of Transportation) and the Snell Foundation lay down these rules. Snell Foundation’s rules are more focused towards helmet usage in motorcycle competitions, while the DOT concerns itself with normal road use of helmets. Both their websites have detailed information on what kind of helmet specification must be adhered to.
How Do They Work

The reason these helmets provide the greatest degree of protection is that they have all the four vital parts that go into making a helmet. These four parts are the outer shell, the inner lining, the comfort padding and chin protection. Let us look into these, one by one.
❑ The Outer Shell
The outer shell of the helmet is, obviously, the visible, outermost layer of the helmet. It is made from a very hard material, generally a polycarbonate. It is a major factor contributing to the protective capabilities of the helmet. It is also flexible to some degree, which allows the helmet to bend inwards upon impact without breaking. The outer shell also decides the visual appeal of the helmet.
❑ The Inner Lining
The inner lining is made from polystyrene or polypropylene foam. It can be 1 to 2 inches thick, depending on the overall size of the helmet. It has very little resistance to penetration or abrasion, and thus, depends upon the outer shell to maintain its frame. Its main purpose is to absorb the shock of the impact and prevent the rider’s head from decelerating rapidly. Theoretically, it is best to have a thicker layer of the inner lining, but that is not always feasible. In some helmets, the inner lining can be removed for cleaning.
❑ The Comfort Padding
This is the innermost layer of the closeout motorcycle helmets. This is the layer that comes in contact with the rider’s face. It provides a snug, comfortable fit for the rider’s head, thus, reducing chances of weariness from the usage of the helmet.
❑ The Chin Strap
Full-face helmets have a strap covering the front of the chin. Since the rider lands on his/her face in most cases of accidents, protecting the chin is a possibly life-saving, but often overlooked, component of a closeout helmet.
Choosing the Best Helmet
Selecting the best helmet is a matter of paramount importance. An unsuitable, unsafe helmet can prove fatal. Buying the first closeout helmet you come across or buying the most attractive one is not the way to go about it. A loose helmet can come off and a tight one can play havoc with your circulation and make you feel dizzy. When buying a helmet, take a measurement of the circumference of your head. Measure several times, and take the largest measurement to the store. Most stores have a chart which will tell you what size you need. The right size is the one that encases the whole of your head closely and comfortably. Try it on and shake your head several times. If your head feels sore after removing the helmet, try a larger size.

How to Choose A Classic Car

For some people, collecting classic cars is a tremendously fun and rewarding hobby but you should also pursue it with eyes wide open. You should primarily research the current market and the car in focus, but you should also be wary of buying one-of-a-kind vehicles. In case the chosen classic car needs restoration, you should be totally committed towards completing the work. You should be prepared with a list of the “Top 10” classic cars that you intend to be part of your collection. Such a list helps you to focus on the efforts in an efficient way.

Always remember that some old vehicles appreciate in value while others are simply idle. If you intend to buy a classic car as an investment, have a good research done on how the carhas previously fared over time.

You should be careful while buying one-of-a-kind vehicles. It is true that cars which were owned by famous people fetch good returns, but there is a down side too. The available market for such type of cars is limited because of the high price tag attached with these vehicles. Also if the previous owner was infamous, it will be difficult to sell it at any outlet as they will be reluctant to invite any controversy with it. In case that such cars were had very limited versions, then any replacement parts will require manufacturing, which can prove to be a costly affair. Counting on the number of cylinders may not prove to be such a right way of judgement. A turbocharged engine with a lesser number a cylinders may give you better speed with less fuel consumption.

While buying a classic car, you should be aware of the business that you are getting into. Only go for a vehicle that needs significant repair and restoration when you have the commitment to restore it.

You need to consult a classic car specialist in London to go through the best available options for you.Keep your list ready before the classic car specialist so that you are sure how to proceed with your purchase. There are certain performance numbers which can be utilized in order to compare one sports car with the other one. The most common of these numbers is the time taken to reach from 0 to 60 mph and anything under 7 seconds is considered to be quick.

To know more about Classic Car Specialist London please visit the website.

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There are certain performance numbers which can be utilized in order to compare one sports car with the other one. The most common of these numbers is the time taken to reach from 0 to 60 mph and anything under 7 seconds is considered to be quick.

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